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Global Value Chain Analysis: Concepts and Approaches


Lin Jones, Meryem Demirkaya, Erika Bethmann


The development of global value chains (GVCs) and their economic impact on countries, industries, and firms has been much discussed in the business and economics literature. This introductory paper reviews and highlights some of the key topics covered in GVC literature, aiming to give readers a comprehensive overview of the relevant material to enhance their understanding of GVC research. It has three sections: the first section explains key concepts, describes the characteristics of GVCs, and briefly discusses the factors behind recent GVC developments. The second section summarizes major GVC analytical approaches commonly used in the business and economics literature. The final section highlights the economic impact of GVCs in four important areas: competitiveness, economic development, labor markets, and trade costs.