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Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar from Japan and Turkey Injures U.S. Industry, Says USITC

June 16, 2017
News Release 17-091
Inv. No. 701-TA-564 and 731-TA-1338 and 1340 (Final)
Contact: Peg O'Laughlin, 202-205-1819
Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar from Japan and Turkey Injures U.S. Industry, Says USITC

The United States International Trade Commission (USITC) today determined that a U.S. industry is materially injured by reason of imports of steel concrete reinforcing bar from Japan and Turkey that the U.S. Department of Commerce (Commerce) has determined are sold in the United States at less than fair value and subsidized by the government of Turkey.

Chairman Rhonda K. Schmidtlein, Vice Chairman David S. Johanson, and Commissioners Irving A. Williamson, Meredith M. Broadbent, and F. Scott Kieff voted in the affirmative.

As a result of the USITC’s affirmative determinations, Commerce will issue antidumping duty orders on imports of this product from Japan and Turkey and a countervailing duty order on imports of this product from Turkey.

The Commission’s public report Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar from Japan and Turkey (Investigation Nos. 701-TA-564 and 731-TA-1338 and 1340 (Final), USITC Publication 4705, June 2017) will contain the views of the Commission and information developed during the investigations.

The report will be available by July 21, 2017; when available, it may be accessed on the USITC website at:


Washington, DC 20436


Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar from Japan and Turkey
Investigation Nos. 701-TA-564 and 731-TA-1338 and 1340 (Final)

Product Description:  The merchandise subject to these investigations is steel concrete reinforcing bar (rebar) imported in either straight length or coil form regardless of metallurgy, length, diameter, or grade or lack thereof. Subject merchandise includes deformed steel wire with bar markings (e.g., mill mark, size, or grade) and which has been subjected to an elongation test. The subject merchandise includes rebar that has been further processed in the subject country or a third country, including but not limited to cutting, grinding, galvanizing, painting, coating, or any other processing that would not otherwise remove the merchandise from the scope of the investigations if performed in the country of manufacture of the rebar. Rebar is commonly used in construction applications to provide strength to concrete.

Status of Proceedings:
1.  Type of investigations: Final antidumping and countervailing duty.
2.  Petitioners: Rebar Trade Action Coalition and its individual members: Byer Steel Group, Inc., Cincinnati, OH; Commercial Metals Company, Irving, TX; Gerdau Ameristeel U.S. Inc., Tampa, FL; Nucor Corp., Charlotte, NC; and Steel Dynamics, Inc., Pittsboro, IN.
3.  Investigations instituted by USITC:  September 20, 2016.
4.  USITC hearing: May 18, 2017.
5.  USITC vote: June 16, 2017.
6.  USITC notification of Department of Commerce: June 30, 2017.

U.S. Industry:
1.  Number of U.S. producers in 2016: 10.
2.  Location of producers’ plants: Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Mississippi, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia.
3.  Employment of production and related workers in 2016: 4,085.
4.  U.S. producers’ U.S. shipments in 2016: 6.7 million short tons.
5.  Apparent U.S. consumption in 2016: 8.8 million short tons.
6.  Ratio of subject imports to apparent U.S. consumption in 2016: 21.6 percent.

U.S. Imports:
1.  From the subject countries during 2016: $700.7 million.
2.  From other countries during 2016: $79 million.
3.  Leading sources during 2016: Turkey, Japan, and Taiwan (in terms of total value).

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