May 21, 2015
News Release 15-044
Inv. No(s). 701-TA-456 and 731-TA-1151-1152 (Review)
Contact: Peg O’Laughlin, John Greer, 202-205-1819
Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts from Canada and China





The U.S. International Trade Commission (USITC) today determined that revoking the existing

countervailing duty order on citric acid and certain citrate salts (“CACCS”) from China and the antidumping duty orders on CACCS from Canada and China would be likely to lead to continuation or recurrence of material injury within a reasonably foreseeable time. 

As a result of the Commission’s affirmative determinations, the existing orders on imports of these products from Canada and China will remain in place. 

All six Commissioners voted in the affirmative.

Today’s action comes under the five-year (sunset) review process required by the Uruguay Round Agreements Act.  See the attached page for background on these five-year (sunset) reviews.

The Commission’s public report Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts from Canada and China (Inv. No. 701-TA-456 and 731-TA-1151-1152 (Review), USITC Publication 4538, June 2015) will contain the views of the Commission and information developed during the reviews.

The report will be available by June 24, 2015; when available, it may be accessed on the USITC website at:



The Uruguay Round Agreements Act requires the Department of Commerce to revoke an antidumping or countervailing duty order, or terminate a suspension agreement, after five years unless the Department of Commerce and the USITC determine that revoking the order or terminating the suspension agreement would be likely to lead to continuation or recurrence of dumping or subsidies (Commerce) and of material injury (USITC) within a reasonably foreseeable time.

The Commission’s institution notice in five-year reviews requests that interested parties file responses with the Commission concerning the likely effects of revoking the order under review as well as other information.  Generally within 95 days from institution, the Commission will determine whether the responses it has received reflect an adequate or inadequate level of interest in a full review.  If responses to the USITC’s notice of institution are adequate, or if other circumstances warrant a full review, the Commission conducts a full review, which includes a public hearing and issuance of questionnaires.

The Commission generally does not hold a hearing or conduct further investigative activities in expedited reviews.  Commissioners base their injury determination in expedited reviews on the facts available, including the Commission’s prior injury and review determinations, responses received to its notice of institution, data collected by staff in connection with the review, and information provided by the Department of Commerce.

The five-year (sunset) reviews concerning Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts from Canada and China were instituted on April 1, 2014.

On July 7, 2014, the Commission voted to conduct full reviews. With respect to imports from Canada, all six Commissioners concluded that both the domestic group response and the respondent group response were adequate and voted for a full review.  With respect to imports from China, all six Commissioners concluded that the domestic group responses were adequate and that the respondent group responses were inadequate, but that circumstances warranted full reviews.

A record of the Commission’s vote to conduct full reviews is available from the Office of the Secretary, U.S. International Trade Commission, 500 E Street SW, Washington, DC 20436.  Requests may be made by telephone by calling 202-205-1802.


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