December 11, 2009
News Release 09-104
Inv. No. 332-504
Contact: Peg O'Laughlin, 202-205-1819


U.S. Exports Hold Small Market Share Despite India's Rapid Economic Growth

U.S. farmers and food manufacturers lose millions of dollars each year in lost sales to India because of high tariffs and a wide array of nontariff measures (NTMs) that substantially raise the cost or effectively prohibit U.S. agricultural exports to the world's second most populous country, reports the U.S. International Trade Commission (USITC) in its report India: Effects of Tariffs and Nontariff Measures on U.S. Agricultural Exports.

The USITC, an independent, nonpartisan, factfinding federal agency, completed the report at the request of the U.S. Senate Committee on Finance.

As requested, the report provides an overview of Indian agricultural production, imports, and consumption during 2003 08; Indian tariffs and NTMs; the Indian food marketing and distribution system; and Indian government regulations relating to the agricultural market, including foreign direct investment and intellectual property rights policies. The study also provides economic modeling analysis of the effects of Indian tariffs and certain NTMs on U.S. agricultural exports. Highlights of the report follow.

India: Effects of Tariffs and Nontariff Measures on U.S. Agricultural Exports (Investigation No. 332-504, USITC Publication 4107, November 2009) will be available on the ITC's Internet site at A CD-ROM of the report may be requested by e-mailing, calling 202-205-2000, or contacting the Office of the Secretary, U.S. International Trade Commission, 500 E Street SW, Washington, DC 20436. Requests may also be faxed to 202-205-2104.

USITC general factfinding investigations, such as this one, cover matters related to tariffs or trade and are generally conducted at the request of the U.S. Trade Representative, the House Committee on Ways and Means, or the Senate Committee on Finance. The resulting reports convey the Commission's objective findings and independent analyses on the subjects investigated. The Commission makes no recommendations on policy or other matters in its general factfinding reports. Upon completion of each investigation, the ITC submits its findings and analyses to the requester. General factfinding investigation reports are subsequently released to the public unless they are classified by the requester for national security reasons.

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