March 28, 2005
News Release 05-031
Contact: Peg O'Laughlin, 202-205-1819
GLOBAL ISSUES AFFECTING U.S. INDUSTRIES
AND THE TECHNOLOGICAL COMPETITIVENESS OF THE UNITED STATES
ARE FOCUS OF PERIODIC USITC PUBLICATION
Radioisotopes and U.S. manufacturing integration are among the topics examined in the current
issue of Industry Trade and Technology Review (ITTR), a periodic publication of the U.S.
International Trade Commission's (USITC's) Office of Industries.
Industry Trade and Technology Review contains articles originating from research and analysis
conducted by USITC staff as part of its responsibilities to provide advice and technical
information on industry and trade issues. The ITTR provides analysis of important issues and
insights regarding the global position of U.S. industries, the technological competitiveness of the
United States, and how trade and policy developments affect U.S. business.
The ITTR is a publication of the Office of Industries. The opinions and conclusions it contains
are those of the authors and are not the views of the Commission as a whole or of any individual
The current issue (December/January 2005) includes the following articles:
- Radioisotopes: Medical Breakthroughs But Concerns About Availability, Foreign Dependence,
and National Security -- The U.S. Department of Energy (USDOE), private firms, major
research universities, and medical facilities produce most radioisotopes for U.S. medical,
research, and industrial applications. Given provisions of existing law, increasing
production demands, and more stringent cost-recovery requirements, industry sources are
concerned that the scaled-back USDOE isotope production and distribution enterprise is
not adequate to meet U.S. medical needs and is not sufficiently competitive. Industry is
also concerned about greater dependency on foreign sources for many radioisotopes. The
already highly regulated U.S. radioisotopes industry faces new challenges with stricter
security requirements. However, buoyed by new growth opportunities and potential for
medical breakthroughs, both private industry and the USDOE in association with nuclear
medicine specialists are addressing these challenges and opportunities. This article
examines applications, market-size potentials, challenges to the U.S. industry, and
industry efforts to overcome barriers to expanded use of medical and industrial isotopes.
- Production Sharing Update: Developments in 2003 -- Investment in production sharing
operations are part of global efforts to reduce manufacturing costs that contributed to
cross-border integration of manufacturing in North America and the Caribbean Basin.
Most U.S. imports of manufactured goods from regional partners incorporate U.S. and
other foreign inputs. Import trends for manufactured goods from Mexico (the leading
low-labor-cost production sharing partner) are closely linked to U.S. manufacturing
trends. Among sectors that draw on assembly operations in Mexico, growth in U.S.
manufacturers' shipments of medical and measuring instruments, computers, and
semiconductors in 2003 was offset by declining shipments of power transmission
equipment, electrical equipment, motor vehicle parts, and apparel. Liberalized U.S.
market access through U.S.-regional free-trade agreements helped apparel assembly
plants in the Caribbean Basin and Colombia increase production despite intensified
competition from China. This article highlights the continued role in 2003 of regional
manufacturing integration in meeting the challenges to North American industrial
In addition, the publication includes an appendix charting key performance indicators for the
steel, automobile, aluminum, flat glass, and services industries, as well as for North American
Industry Trade and Technology Review (USITC Publication 3762, December/January 2005) will
be posted on the USITC's Internet site at www.usitc.gov. A cumulative list of articles published
in the report series is also posted. The ITTR will also be available at regional federal depository
libraries in the United States. To request a printed copy of the ITTR or to be added to the mailing
list, contact the Office of the Secretary, U.S. International Trade Commission, 500 E Street SW,
Washington, DC 20436. Requests may also be faxed to 202-205-2104.
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