Countervailing Duty Investigation
These investigations are conducted by the U.S. Department of Commerce (Commerce) and the USITC under the U.S. countervailing duty law, Title VII of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. § 1671 et seq.), almost always on the basis of a petition filed with Commerce and the USITC on behalf of a domestic industry. If Commerce determines that the government of a country is providing a countervailable subsidy with respect to a class or kind of imported merchandise and the USITC determines that a U.S. industry is materially injured or threatened with material injury or that the establishment of any industry is materially retarded by reason of imports of such merchandise, Commerce will issue a countervailing duty order that imposes a countervailing duty on such imports in an amount equal to the subsidy.
For more information about Commerce’s role, see http://trade.gov/ia/index.asp. For more information about the USITC's role, see this site’s Import Injury section for information about pending investigations, see active AD-CVD cases; for a list of completed investigations, see completed AD-CVD cases.