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Key Economic Trends

  • The U.S. trade deficit with Mexico continued to increase in 2010, rising by $26.6 billion (38 percent) to $97.2 billion. Mexico’s business cycle is highly integrated with that of the United States; intrafirm transfers, along with other foreign direct investment and foreign-based manufacturing activity, account for a large share of U.S. merchandise trade with Mexico.
  • In 2010, U.S. exports to Mexico rose by $25.9 billion (25 percent) to $131.6 billion, driven in part by a 5 percent expansion of the Mexican economy. This expansion was bolstered by increasing consumer confidence, high petroleum prices, and a resurgence of the export-for-assembly industry. Mexico was the second-largest export destination for U.S. products, exceeded only by Canada.
  • U.S. imports from Mexico increased by $52.5 billion (30 percent) to $228.8 billion. Leading U.S. imports from Mexico in 2010 were transportation equipment, energy-related products, and minerals and metals. Mexico was the third-largest source of U.S. imports in 2010, exceeded only by Canada and China.

Trade Shifts from 2009 to 2010

  • U.S. trade deficit: Increased by $26.6 billion (38 percent) to $97.2 billion
  • U.S. exports: Increased by $25.9 billion (25 percent) to $131.6 billion
  • U.S. imports: Increased by $52.5 billion (30 percent) to $228.8 billion

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