Contact Us

  • Office of Economics
    202.205.3216
  • Office of Industries
    202.205.3296
Skip to Navigation to Main Content :: Mexico: Exports, Imports, and Trade Balance

View Section in Publication :: Return to Overview

Key Economic Trends

  • The U.S. merchandise trade deficit with Mexico, the United States’ third-largest individual trade partner, declined by $14.2 billion (17 percent) to $70.6 billion in 2009. This decrease was largely due to the U.S. economic recession and the financial crisis in the United States banking system, which cut U.S. demand for many goods produced in Mexico.
  • The Mexican economy has become increasingly intertwined with that of the United States since the implementation of the North American Free Tree Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1994, and is strongly linked to the U.S. business cycle. As a result, Mexico=s economy suffered the steepest contraction in seven and a half decades.
  • Imports of electronic equipment, transportation equipment, energy-related products, and machinery, the four largest U.S. import sectors by value, accounted for 73 percent of total imports and 88 percent of the total decline in imports from Mexico in 2009. The decrease in U.S. demand for these product sectors was largely due to weak U.S. economic conditions and tight credit conditions.
  • The worldwide downturn also depressed Mexican demand for U.S. exports. In 2009, there were significant declines in U.S. merchandise exports to Mexico in agricultural products, forest products, chemicals and related products, and energy-related products.

Trade Shifts from 2008 to 2009

  • U.S. trade deficit: Decreased by $14.2 billion (17 percent) to $70.6 billion
  • U.S. exports: Decreased by $25.8 billion (20 percent) to $105.7 billion
  • U.S. imports: Decreased by $40.0 billion (19 percent) to $176.3 billion

Other Government Resources

Ministry of the Economy – International Trade Negotiations

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency
World Factbook - Mexico

U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration
Country Analysis Brief – Mexico

U.S. Department of State
Background Note – Mexico

U.S.-Mexico Chamber of Commerce

2009 Overview

Sector Shifts

Country Shifts

Frequently Asked Questions

General Contacts


Project Leader
Phone: 202.205.3313

 


Deputy Project Leader
Phone: 202.205.3489

Media Contact


Public Affairs Officer
Phone: 202.205.1819