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Key Economic Events
- The U.S. merchandise trade deficit in textiles and apparel increased in 2007. Textile and apparel trade continued to be effected by the elimination of quotas in January 2005. The U.S. trade deficit in footwear increased slightly in 2007 as consumer spending on footwear rose largely due to increased consumption of low performance athletic footwear and skateboard shoe categories.
- Nearly one-half of U.S. exports of textiles and apparel were destined for Latin American markets. Exports primarily consisted of fiber, fabric, and yarns for production of finished apparel products destined for export back to the U.S. market. Despite low-cost competition in Asia, Latin American markets remained competitive due to shorter shipping and transit times and because of preferential treatment under NAFTA and DR-CAFTA.
- U.S. imports of textiles and apparel increased as U.S. retailers and apparel companies continued to increase sourcing from offshore providers, especially lower-cost Asian suppliers, following the elimination of quotas in January 2005. China remained the largest foreign supplier, but U.S. imports of textile and apparel from Vietnam rose by 35 percent due largely to the lifting of quotas on Vietnamese articles following that country’s accession to the WTO in January 2007.
Trade Shifts in 2007 from 2006
- U.S. trade deficit: Increased by $3.7 billion (4 percent) to $90.1 billion
- U.S. exports: Decreased by $553 million (3 percent) to $17.5 billion
- U.S. imports: Increased by $3.1 billion (3 percent) to $107.7 billion
- U.S. trade deficit: Increased by $227 million (1 percent) to $18.7 billion
- U.S. exports: Increased by $6 million (1 percent) to $578 million
- U.S. imports: Increased by $232 million (1 percent) to $19.3 billion
Textiles and Apparel: Effects of Special Rules for Haiti on Trade Markets and Industries, Investigation No. TR-5003-1, USITC Publication 4016, June 2008.
Denim Fabric: Use in AGOA Countries During Fiscal Year 2007, Investigation No. AGOA-002, USITC Publication 4021, July 2008.
Denim Fabric: Commercial Availability in AGOA Countries During Fiscal Year 2009, Investigation No. AGOA-003, USITC Publication 4027, August 2008.
Other Government Resources
International Trade Administration Office of Textiles and Apparel
American Apparel and Footwear Association
National Council of Textile Organizations
United States Association of Importers of Textiles and Apparel
Footwear Distributors and Retailers of America