April 16, 2002
News Release 02-029
GLOBAL ISSUES AFFECTING U.S. INDUSTRIES
AND THE TECHNOLOGICAL COMPETITIVENESS OF THE UNITED STATES
ARE FOCUS OF ITC QUARTERLY PUBLICATION
Dyeing and finishing operations in the U.S. textile industry, upcoming WTO agricultural trade
negotiations, and further commercialization of metal matrix composites are among the topics
examined in the current issue of Industry Trade and Technology Review (ITTR), a quarterly
publication of the U.S. International Trade Commission's Office of Industries.
Industry Trade and Technology Review (ITTR) contains articles originating from research and
analysis conducted by International Trade Commission (ITC) staff as part of its responsibilities to
provide advice and technical information on industry and trade issues. The ITTR provides analysis
of important issues and insights into the global position of U.S. industries, the technological
competitiveness of the United States, and implications of trade and policy developments.
The ITTR is a publication of the Office of Industries. The opinions and conclusions it contains are
those of the authors and are not the views of the Commission or of any individual Commissioner.
The current issue (March 2002) includes the following articles:
- Dyeing and Finishing of Apparel Fabrics -- In connection with legislation affecting the dyeing and
finishing of apparel fabrics in the Caribbean Basin, this article provides an overview of
dyeing and finishing as these processes relate to apparel fabrics. It highlights the major
dyeing and finishing processes, recent developments in the dyeing and finishing segment of
the U.S. textile industry, the relative importance of dyeing and finishing costs in fabric and
apparel production, and dyeing and finishing capabilities in Caribbean Basin Economic
Recovery Act countries.
- WTO Agricultural Trade Negotiations: A Second Update -- Two previous ITTR articles about
multilateral trade negotiations for agriculture discussed major policy differences among
World Trade Organization (WTO) members, issues associated with the December 1999
Seattle Ministerial, and the status of negotiations during the first nine months of the new
Round. Although the Seattle Ministerial was unsuccessful at launching a new
comprehensive round of trade negotiations, WTO agricultural negotiations began in January
2000 as mandated by Article 20 of the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture. This
article reviews the current status of these agricultural negotiations, the outcome of the
Fourth Ministerial in Doha, Qatar, in November 2001, and the prospects for agriculture
negotiations in the coming year.
- Aluminum Metal Matrix Composites Gaining Greater Market Acceptance -- Despite extensive
research, product development, and rapid consumption growth during the past 10 years, the
volume of metal matrix composites (MMCs) in commercial applications remains modest.
The automotive and aerospace industries have long been interested in MMCs because they
combine desirable physical properties of both metals and ceramics, but the relatively high
cost of MMC parts has impeded widespread application. This article examines efforts to
improve the prospects for commercialization of these materials, current aluminum MMC
markets, barriers to further commercialization, private and public initiatives to reduce
barriers, and likely future uses.
In addition, the publication includes an appendix charting key performance indicators for the steel,
automobile, aluminum, flat glass, and services industries, as well as for North American trade.
Industry Trade and Technology Review (USITC Publication 3501, March 2002) will be posted on
the ITC's Internet site at www.usitc.gov. A cumulative list of articles published in the report series is
also posted. The ITTR will also be available at regional federal depository libraries in the United
States. To request a printed copy of the ITTR or to be added to the mailing list, contact the Office of
the Secretary, U.S. International Trade Commission, 500 E Street SW, Washington DC 20436.
Requests may also be faxed to 202-205-2104.
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