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NEWS RELEASE 98-020; APRIL 3, 1998
April 3, 1998
News Release 98-020
U.S. GRAIN MILLING INDUSTRY SEES STRONG
EVEN AS ITS INTERNATIONAL TRADE POSITION
The U.S. grain milling industry, one of the world's leading grain
producers, experienced rapid
growth during 1992-96, led by strong growth in domestic
consumption of wheat flour, reports
the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) in its publication
Industry and Trade Summary:
Milled Grains, Malts, and Starches.
During this period, the U.S. trade surplus in milled grains,
malt, and starches climbed from $317
million in 1992 to a high of $340 million in 1995 before
declining to $250 million in 1996,
according to the report.
The ITC, an independent, nonpartisan, factfinding agency,
recently released the report as part of
an ongoing series of reports on the thousands of products
imported into and exported from the
United States. Following are the other highlights from the
- U.S. shipments of milled grains, malt, and starches
exceeded $9 billion during
1992-96. Domestic wheat millers significantly
increased their processing
capacity to meet a rising demand for wheat flour and
other wheat products during
this period. The U.S. industry employed 27,000
- U.S. imports of these products doubled during 1992-96 to $170
because of increased imports from Canada, the source of
over half of U.S. grain
imports. During this period, imports supplied less
than one percent of U.S.
domestic grain consumption.
- U.S. exports of these products amounted to $425 million in
1996, down from a
peak of $491 million in 1995. U.S. exports of wheat
flour fell sharply in 1996 as
U.S. Government export assistance was reduced and flour
produced by the
European Union and other foreign producers displaced
U.S. sales abroad.
However, the 1996 U.S. export total for these products
was still 9 percent above
the 1992 export figure of $387 million.
- U.S. domestic use of wheat flour grew about 2 percent
annually during 1992-96
as U.S. consumers turned to grain-based foods, notably
pasta, bagels, buns, and
new and different types of breads, largely because of
dietary changes. In 1996,
the average U.S. consumption per capita was 149 pounds
of wheat flour, a post-World War II record, and an increase of
10 pounds above the 1992 level.
The foregoing information is from the ITC report Industry and
Trade Summary: Milled Grains,
Malts, and Starches (USITC publication 3095, March 1998).
ITC Industry and Trade Summary reports include information on
product uses, U.S. and foreign
producers, and customs treatment of the products being studied.
They analyze the basic factors
affecting trends in consumption, production, and trade of the
commodities. As well as factors
bearing on the competitiveness of the U.S. industry in domestic
and foreign markets.
This report will be available on the ITC's Internet server
(www.usitc.gov). A printed copy
may be requested by calling 202-205-1809 or by writing the
Office of the Secretary, U.S.
International Trade Commission, 500 E Street, SW, Washington,
D.C. 20436. Requests may be
faxed to 202-205-2104.
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